Monday, December 29, 2014

Elah Yam

Gold ring found in Minoan Pillar Temple
Elah Yam, the Great Mother of the ancient Red Sea and Mediterranean trade routes. Holy trees with dragon sap and a ladder for her descent from heaven is shown on this gold ring as she rides the surface of the celestial sea.  Marija Gimbutas identified her as Gorgoneion; a terrible face with snakes as hair. This artifact, probably cast in a cuttlebone mold, was found at the pillar temple in Potnia.  The name of the goddess, Elah Yam, is translated Holy Tree (Elah) Sea (Yam). She is the "spirit" of Genesis; the original creator before the story was modified by incoming Abrahamic shepherds.  In Hebrew, Elohim אֱלֹהִים could be read as Elah Yam אֱלֹהִ ים  as no spaces existed to designate words. The most ancient verses of Genesis describe the process of  creation by Elah Yam. It is a credit to the scribes that the original name of God has been retained even with later interpolations. Using a plural noun to describe a monotheistic deity is plausible now.

Genesis 1-3 In the beginning, Elah Yam (Elohim) created the heavens and the earth. And the earth was without form and void and darkness was on the face of the deep and the spirit of Elah Yam (Elohim) moved upon the face of the waters. Elah Yam said let there be light and there was light... And Elah Yam said, let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree whose seed is in itself and it was so... And Elah Yam said, let the earth bring forth the nephesh chayah after his kind, cattle and creeping thing, and beast after its kind; and it was so.

Tree of Life 
The holy tree would be compared to the respiratory system of the Great Mother. The trachea connects  the pharynx and larynx to the lungs allowing for the passage of air. The trachea along with the esophagus is a nephesh and is responsible for maintaining chayim. The bronchial tubes must be kept moist with mucus. The Hebrew word mashah is to anoint and is mucus for the deity. Moses is attributed as the source for many of the Elah Yam to YHWH myth transmutations. He was responsible for maintaining chayim in the wilderness. Moses, moshe, masheh, messiah. are anointing words of the Great Mother. Also mucus and muscle.

The esophagus is a muscular tube that passes food to the stomach. It is aided by peristaltic contractions to push the food through, much like the snake. In the digestive tract, muscle tissue contracts in sequence to produce a wave which propels food along the passageway. Peristaltic movement is comprised of relaxation of circular smooth muscles, then their contraction behind the food to keep it from moving backward. Snakes and earthworms move food through their systems, likewise, in a slow wave. Another peristaltic function is childbirth. The fetus moves through the birth canal in waves of contractions. A later depiction of the nephesh is two snakes on a pole; the second representing childbirth

Coating the nephesh of the deity with oil was a good deed performed for a favor in return. "Elah yam" also means to make a request.  Moses was making a request when he fashioned a type of nephesh while in the Tsin wilderness to protect the people against snakebite. Moses was an interloper trying to make sense of the ancient goddess religion and thereby exploit regional resources. The snake in a tree is the three branches of the bronchial tube for breathing and the esophagus for consuming food.


Genesis 12:6 And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Shechem, unto the terebinth of Moreh. 

The Terebinth tree produced a multitude of products that would be easily transportable
Triple Pillar Moon Deity
commodities. Tannic acid made from the pods is used to fix animal hide. Astringent, postassium carbonate, turpentine, medicines and other tinctures are made from the bark and myrrh gum (sap). Exploiting the terebinth tree requires knowledge of alchemy and of the night sky. The phases of the moon are connected to the lunar milk cycle of the tree. This milk can be harvested for those that posses the ritual knowledge. It has long been understood that the phases of the moon and the
 tides of the sea are interdependent. Moreh, myrrh, marrow, Mary.

Abram and Moses were immigrants to this region and so the alchemical myths would have sounded strange. Their translation of the indigenous goddess to our ears sounds bizarre. A dragon mother providing bounty from her lair under the twin mountains, at the confluence of two rivers, in the midst of the celestial double-deep. Her lunar milk sap of Oak and Terebinths provided perfumes, dyes and other tinctures. The same skill set used to manufacture products from the cuttlefish could be used to process tree sap. Myrrh from the terebinth and myrrh from the processed cuttlefish were used interchangeably. It is not surprising that the sea goddess would be imagined as a cuttlefish.

Tannin from the Tannyn, and marrow from Miryam were some of the raw products Elah Yam provided the populace. The Great Mother of Heaven required sustenance and so she devoured flesh of the dead. Later, she was worshiped by many supplicants whose main duty was to ritually feed her. There certainly was much enterprise generated by her needs. Craftsmen, myrrh harvesters, fishermen had much to gain from veneration of Elah Yam. She was worshiped in groves on high places where both harvesting and processing must have taken place. In her later Ugaritic persona, she was known as Elat Athirat of the Sea. During King Josiah's reformation, her groves were cut down to eliminate worship. Afterward, he wanted to know, "are we to give up the balms and unguents as well?" 

Tannins have teeth to work hides into suppleness. The teeth of the tannin is the bite in the wine. Tine and tan the jackyl with fangs. Also, a tongue to deliver saliva or phlegm. Sinus is another tan word.  Than is also Tonne as in leviathan; cargo of oil.  Tain sufix is a tan word meaning containment. Sperm whales are swimming oil tanks (also a tan word). Related words are dentine, tsin (wilderness) sin (moon) and tincture. But the word transmitted from Potnia was stein which became stone. The pillars of stone were indeed replicating aspects of a deity and feeding and anointing the pillar of stone was salvation saliva for the tongue, tan, stone. It could well be that the cuttlebone was mistaken for a tooth. Early legends of the world serpent had a single tooth. 

Saturday, December 27, 2014


Moses commanded his company of former Hebrew slaves to wear a single blue thread on the corners of their prayer shawls to remind them of the throne of God's glory. This thread was colored blue by dye created with the blood of the cuttlefish. The Hebrew Tosefta describes the animal that YHWH commands to be used in the manufacturing process. It is a fish that is the color of the sea and sky called "hilazon". Although it is a mollusk with an internal shell, the cuttlefish has a mantle of fins on each side that maneuvers through the water like a fish. Famous and infamous, the cuttlefish is renowned in the ancient myths of the Red Sea and Mediterranean regions. Mollusk and Mellusine are cognates of Malakh; the original ancient word transmitted and transmuted through trade routes. Malakh was royalty and trade in the color royal blue was reserved for the family of King and Queen. They were the blue bloods.

Techelet dye, manufactured with hilazon blood, would be made kosher for the separated Israelites. The recipe
Murex Trunculus
for dye was well known by every ancient kingdom. Ingredients for blue, purple and red dye making were traded along with finished products. It was expensive, but readily available. Purple dye made from the sea snail Murex Trunculus was mass produced by Phoenicians. The Murex has an outer shell and cannot be considered for the hilazon as it would never be mistaken for a fish. Anyway, it seems all that is needed to make blue dye is protein from sublittoral mollusks. A variation in color from pure blue to purple red depended on the local specie available. 

Myths inspired by the cuttlefish may include the legend of Medusa one of the three Gorgon sisters all with snakes growing from their heads in place of hair. Medusa was able to turn men into stone by her gaze. Cuttlefish have strange pupils shaped like a "W" that seem to hypnotize their prey by their camouflage display rendering them immobile. The ten tentacles are imagined as snakes. Each tentacle working separately but in unison as the inspiration for hair of snakes, In her book Language of the Goddess, Marija Gimbuta identifies the Gorgon in Neolithic art motifs, especially in anthropomorphic vases inlaid with gold.

Apotropaic depictions of Gorgons in ancient Greece were placed on shields, coins, and above doors; influenced by the myth of Perseus placing the severed head of Medusa on the golden shield of Athena. A 
Minoan Sea Goddess
Minoan gold ring from the island Mochlos in Crete, dated to 1,600 b.c., depicts a sea goddess with a monstrous head. She is sitting in a boat with a sacred tree and a symbol that looks like a ladder. These same motifs are found throughout the ancient world and are associated with goddess worship. Gold coins, made with the cuttlebone mold, would have transmitted the skill of casting as well as the myths of mollusks. 

         Cuttlebone Metal Casting
Cuttlefish are cephalopods that have a unique internal shell called a cuttlebone that functions as a bladder. It regulates buoyancy by changing the gas-to-liquid ratio in porous chambers made of aragonite. Since antiquity, jewelers have used the cuttlebone as a mold to cast precious metals. It can be precisely carved and can withstand extreme temperatures from the crucible. The shape of the cuttlebone is the inspiration for the Vesica Pisces, famously depicted in early Christian religious art personifying transfiguration. Two cuttlebones are fitted hermetically together creating the mold to be filled with molten metal. The alchemical skill of casting metal was transmitted along with the myths of the Vesica Pisces translated as "fish bladder". Afterall, the blood of the hilazon was the magical ingredient in the blue of the celestial sea.

Vesica Pisces

Gulf of Aden
The Pharaoh cuttlefish is native to the Red Sea, Persian Gulf and western Indian Ocean inhabiting the sublittoral region above the drop off of the continental shelf. It is a nocturnal hunter migrating to more shallow waters to feast on fish, crabs and other smaller cuttlefish. The Pharaoh cuttlefish has survived in the Gulf of Aden from Bab Al Mandab to Bir Ali because the narrow continental shelf is not suitable for Japanese trawlers. The Pharaoh cuttlefish is the most likely candidate for hilazon as it is locally sourced in the Red Sea as well as Suez sublittoral regions.

Other species of cuttlefish native to the sublittoral zones of the
Khamsa Hand
Persian Gulf may have been the inspiration for the Khamsa hand. Khamsa means "five" in semitic languages as if the ten tentacles of the cuttlefish were fetishized hands.The right hand is always holier on the Arabian Peninsula and palm open is a sign of protection. The mesmerizing eye in the center wards off the evil eye performing the same apotropaic function as the shining shield of Athena. It has been transmuted to" hand of Fatima" or "hand of Miryam" depending on which wife of Abraham is referenced. Miryam is translated as "myrrh of the sea"; an aromatic oil created from cuttlefish processed through the upper digestion system of whales. The  leviathans that pass by the Gulf of Aden and southern Arabia engorge themselves on the abundant mollusks inhabiting plentiful reefs. They must then disgorge the beak of the cuttlefish as it is indigestible. Bile builds up on the beaks to form protective layers around the sharp edges. It is interesting that the "Jonah" spit out from the whale is from the same source word as "Yoni" the Vesica Pisces. 

Thursday, October 31, 2013

Star of the Sea

Our Lady Star of The Sea
The Aramaic name of the mother of Jesus, Maryam, was translated by St. Jerome into Stilla Maris which means 'drop of the sea'. At some later stage, a scribe made a slight transcription error and mistakenly created Stella Maris which means 'star of the sea'. An entire corpus of myth grew around this mistake and the error became widespread.  Jerome knew that the name was created using two South Semitic words; myrrh (tree resin) and yam (sea). Myrrh is harvested by slashing through the bark into the sapwood to bleed the resin. The resulting exudation hardens quickly into a waxy gum known as teardropsSt. Jerome must have been familiar with the belief that myrrh was thought to be tears from a wound to a sacred tree. 

The Myrrh tree is native to the Red Sea coastal regions of Yemen, Somalia, Eritrea and eastern Ethiopia where trade in gum resins created a robust economy in the ancient world. Myrrh was used in medicines, wine and Jerusalem temple worship for shemen (anointing oil) and incense. Myrrh created an olfactory link to the divine aroma of the Ruach Hachodesh or Holy Spirit. Aroma has the ability to bypass the brain's thalamus by traveling dedicated pathways to the olfactory cortex for instant processing. The olfactory cortex is embedded within the brain's limbic system and amygdala where emotions are stored. That is why a particular aroma can become intimately entangled with memory and trigger instantaneous emotions.

Myrrh of the Sea, must be what is known today as ambergris. Ambergris was also harvested in the Red Sea region by
ancient people and is formed in the digestive system of sperm whales. It was collected along the coastal region of Djibuti and is considered to be worth its weight in gold. Because the beaks of cuttle fish and squid have been found embedded within the lumps, scientists have theorized that the substance is produced by the whales' gastrointestinal tract to ease the passage of hard, sharp objects. Freshly produced ambergris has a briny, fecal odor. However, as it ages, it acquires a sweet earthy fragrance. Ambergris is highly valued by perfumers as a fixative but has been largely replaced by modern synthetics. It was also added to wine enhancing the nose of the tannin.

Fossil Amber

Linguists have determined that the word Ambergris is derived from the Arabic word anbar which means granaries. In the 13th century, the suffix gris  (grey in the romance languages) was added to distinguish the product from fossil amber.  Fossil amber is tree resin recovered from ancient forests either by simple collection or mining. It can also be found washed up onto beaches and may be the reason it became associated or confused with Myrrh of the Sea. Fossil amber is also used in perfumes and unguents. It can be cut and polished to become a beautiful a gemstone.

Electrum was the classical name for fossil amber and has an etymological connection to the word for sunbeam. According to myth when Phaeton, son of Helios, was killed his sisters became mourning poplar trees and their tear drops fell into the ocean to become electrum. Pliny the Elder in The Natural History cites sources well aware of its true origin; "Amber is produced from a marrow discharged by trees belonging to the pine genus... is the fact that it emits a pine-like smell when rubbed, and that it burns, when ignited, with the odor and appearance of torch-pine wood."

Monday, October 14, 2013

The Great Fish of The Southern Seas

The extinction list of mega fauna may soon include the Great Fish of the Red Sea; the whale shark. Whale sharks are filter feeders that passively strain nutrient-rich water. The active seafloor vents along the Afar rift attract these great fish as they circle the southern seas following the Mid Oceanic Ridge. Most likely, the whale shark is long-lived with a slow reproduction rate which makes populations particularly vulnerable to exploitation. Its undulated locomotion is reminiscent of the snake but is slow moving and has been hunted almost to extinction. Whale shark patterns of migration are not well documented and so it is hard to mitigate their demise.The whale shark  filters milt and has been observed frequenting spawning grounds of migratory fish.

Like the Maakah of  the Olympic Peninsula and the Yamana of Tierra Del Fuego, the prehistoric people of Aden were advantageously located to harvest the great fish as they enter the narrow mouth of the Red Sea . Ancient habitation of the coastal region of Aden, as well as the opposite coast of Djibouti, may have become established on the economy of the Great Fish. Hunters of mega fauna would have recognized the location advantage next to a rich food source.  The meat of the whale shark and oil from the liver must have been a valuable commodity in the ancient world and is still highly prized in Asia.  The Red Sea has the unique advantage of pelagic ecosystem necessary for its survival. Along the Tihamah, these fish can be spotted from shore as they follow the water column upward filtering milt. The shoals of the tehom are vertical.  

The monsoons of the southern seas are quite regular and provide moisture for rivers and downstream kikkur irrigation farming; aquifers fill and the Nile rises.The regular arrival of the royal star Fomalhaut heralds the breaking of the monsoons and the appearance of migratory animals spawning and foraging for food. Fomalhaut swallows the moisture of the monsoons and so is named for the mouth of the Great Fish of the Southern Seas. Al Hwt is the South Semitic word for the whale fish that appears to be swallowing the seawater as it swims. The importance of this fish to the original people of Aden is evident because it was the first to be assigned to the stars in the night sky. The mapping of the stars may have
begun on the Yemeni coastline by hunters watching and waiting for whale sharks. Hwt is also used to describe the divisions of the night sky that create the zodiac.
The origin of the Hebrew letter het or khet is describing these divisions and are called "Mansions of the Moon" in South Semitic. Ancient people deified the whale shark by placing it in the heavens upside down so that mortal men could see the stars on its skin. This constellation is now known by its Greek name Piscis Austrinus; Fish of the Southern Sea. The heavenly waters of the night sky were described as the Land of Hwt (Tehut) and credit for mapping the stars was given to a deity named Tehuti.

Stars and bars of Al Hwt the skin of  whale shark
Hwt is also the South Semitic word for animal hide as the night sky was, first, the skin of the whale shark. Hunters of mega fauna have been known to establish auxiliary outposts along migratory routes of prey. Hut is a small structure made of materials close at hand. Perhaps the most readily available material to these hunters was whale shark hide . Hide huts may have been the original temples established at intervals along the overland route from the Yemen to Petra. Tents made of skins were likely the first protection early people had from the outside elements of weather and wild animals. In the Talmud it is told that the Leviathan will be slain and its flesh served as a feast to the righteous and its skin used to cover the tent where the banquet will take place.  A sukkah is a temporary temple that must be constructed to replicate the stars and bars of the skin of the great fish Al Hwt. The South Semitic letter khet appears to replicate the cross poles of the sukkah. The Israelites are commanded to leave space between each bar to reveal the stars of the night sky. Ge'ez uses hwt as personal pronoun (my skin; myself) but the languages of pastoral people (Amharic, Harari, Tigrina) do not. 

Psalm 74:14 "Thou brakest the heads of leviathan in pieces, and gavest him to be meat to
Whale Shark Meat
the people inhabiting 
the wilderness". This could be an ethnographic description of an actual butchering. A picture of people rushing down to the site of a dying fish that had been killed with blows to the head. With such a large fish, a generous hunter could provide food for a large group of people. Anthropologist Jill Katz concluded in a recent BAR article that tribal culture in Iron Age Israel best fits the paradigm of a Big Man society. An enormous fish would provide a hunter with much prestige. Using the conclusions of Katz, a parallel can be drawn between those tribes that ritually consumed the god-body of the whale shark and other aboriginal whaling societies.The Maakah people of Olympic Peninsula were much concerned with gift giving and status. They hunted the grey whale by attaching a seal buoy to the animal and then sewing the mouth shut to keep it from sinking. A whale shark would be much easier to harvest in the warm waters of the Red Sea than a grey whale in the frigid waters of the Northern Pacific. Whalers have used the term "swimming oil tanks" to describe their prey. Leviathan may have originally meant the same thing; liwya (liver as in organ fat) than (tonne/tonnage or container). The liver of the whale shark contained the oil used to light the lamps of Aden and probably anoint.the priestly class as well.

Palm 74:15 T"hou didst cleave the fountain and the flood; thou driedst up mighty rivers". The
Great Fish of the Southern Seas was responsible, in mythology, for swallowing the waters  of the deluge. The Piscis Austrinus constellation is swallowing the waters from Aquarius. Aquarius is a Latin word which means 'the water pourer', and may be from the South Semitic word qaw (qav)  that has the meaning of 'water level'. The level of the water table is typically measured as the elevation that the water rises in a well. The well swallows the water from the surrounding aquifer until an equilibrium is reached. An Egyptian myth says the setting of the Aquarius constellation causes the Nile to rise by drawing water into the urn and filling it. Al Biruni depicted this urn in his astrological charts as a two-handled amphora or wine jar. Arabic word qawa (coffee) is probably derived from qaw or qav (kava?). The pot for Arabic coffee has a large belly and narrow mouth. The water level of the pot rises and falls during the process of boiling the coffee and carmelizing the foam. Qaw and/or Qav is also used to construct Chavah (Chawah) the Hebrew word for Eve.  Eve had the original meaning  'leveling of water table'. It is not a coincidence that leviathan and libation share the same trilateral root.

Psalm 74:17  "Thou hast set all the borders of the earth; thou hast made summer and winter". By mapping the night sky, humans could predict seasonal change and agriculture was possible. The Maakah people hunted whales but were also agriculturalists. The original people of the Yemen and Djibouti were perhaps the first agriculturalists with the cultivation of coffee beans. Dams constructed in the uplands captured the waters of the seasonal monsoons and Arabia Felix was born. The ordered society of agriculturalists was governed by the Law of Tehuti. The Law of Tehuti tied the deeds of men to their thoughts and their thoughts to the divine.  In Genesis, tehom is the mirror image of tehut and compares their toponymic representatives of Tihamha and Djibouti. The region of Tihamha is not sodden and cannot retain water but Djibouti is the mouth that swallows the waters of the southern seas. Impermeable versus permeable as a hide bladder able to contain liquids.

The shape of the Horn of Africa creates natural oceanic currents that deposit flotsam on the shores of Djibouti. A most valuable prize that regularly washes up is ambergris. Coincidentally (or not) the region known from antiquity for ambergris is roughly the same area as ancient Djibouti. It was collected from Djibouti and then sent overland from Sa'ana to Petra. Ambergris is essentially a gall stone from the sperm whale that is worth its weight in gold. It has the unique property of aroma. Small quantities were added to food, incense and especially wine to make it better tasting. It is used as the base ingredient in perfumes and makes floral tones stronger and longer lasting . Ambergris could be melted at a low temperature and stored in amphora jars for shipment. This treasure of waxy grease is essentially a fatty coating to aid in the digestion of the sperm whales' primary food source; cuttle fish. The hard beaks of cuttlefish may be difficult for sperm whales to expel and become an irritant so that it is coated with bile. Bile is a complex fluid containing water, electrolytes and a battery of organic molecules including bile acids, cholesterol, phospholipids and bilirubin that flows through the biliary tract into the small intestine. It somehow enhances the olfactory senses in the way of the inflorescence of the bloom.

Use sperma Cete ana with red wine when ye wax old. Sir George Ripley, "The Compound of Alchemy," recommends sperm oil with medicinal qualities to be used as a wine additive. However, it was not the oil from the head but the bile from the liver that has been used since antiquity as a medicinal wine additive. The nose of the wine was greatly enhanced with tang from ambergris. No evidence exists to conclude sperm oil has ever been added to wine but mountains of textual evidence exists that the wine additive ambergris was more valuable than gold. Perhaps the confusion exists because of the hidden knowledge of priests. The alchemy of anointing oil would contain both the ambergris and whale oil as the shemen poured onto the beards of the representatives of Aron. But the misconception about the origin of sperm oil exists unto this day.

Monday, August 26, 2013

M'ale Akkrabim

Genesis 28:11 And Jacob went out from Beersheba and went toward Harran. It does not specify which way he went but it must be assumed that he went by way of Kings' Highway which follows the Great Rift Valley to the Dead Sea. He could not take a direct route, if indeed this Harran is in Turkey, because of the murderous Amorites. Amorites were extremely inhospitable and did not allow any incursion into their borders. To get to the King's Highway from Beersheba, Jacob had to travel the road that descends the Rift Valley wall at Dimona via the the steep Way of the Scorpion (M'ale Akkrabim.) The M'ale Akkrabim probably transversed or came very close to a geological formation called  a makhtesh before it reached the valley floor.

A makhtesh is a geological land form that looks like an impact crater and is unique to the Negev and Sinai. It was formed as a result of an ancient shallow sea that covered a layered soft and hard limestone "cap". The soft limestone was eroded away by the action of the seawater leaving the crater. Many fossil formation remain and one area is especially rich in ammonite fossils. Ammonites are fossils of an extinct cephalopoda specie, related to the cuttle fish, that lived 65 to 400 million years ago. Its spiral shell most resembles a nautilus.These fossils were repeatedly deposited by tsunami waves created by earthquakes in the rift valley region.  For many thousands of years, ammonites were repeatedly pushed onto the northern bank of the shallow sea creating an ammonite wall many feet thick. How thick will never be known because of pilferage. These fossilized ammonites were as small as a snail and as large as a tractor wheel.
 The ancient Romans, Greeks, Ethiopians and Germans all thought ammonites brought good dreams and cured insomnia when put under a pillow. In India, ammonites symbolize the god Vishnu and are called "Wheel of God" by some Himalayan tribes.

Genesis 28:11 And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep... And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth and the top of it reached to heaven; and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it. There can be no doubt that this dreamstone was an ammonite. The ladder that was set up on the earth is most likely referring to a ziggurat or minaret which can have a spiral shape resembling the stones of that place (ammonite fossil).

Genesis 28:16 And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the Lord is in this place; and I knew it not...And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place. This is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.  Ziggurats are thought to be built by the ancients as man-made replacements for mountains. Mountain tops were the high places of the Old testament and thought to be holy.  The story of the tower of Babel was about the futile attempt to reach the gate of heaven by the manual construction of a ziggurat. The word used for ladder (sulam) is derived from the root word salool which means to shore up, heap up and exalt oneself.  Salool; to make a level way by casting up a bank. This structure is probably some form of ziggurat.

Genesis 28:18 And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put for his pillows and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it... And he called the name of that place Bethel: but the name of that city was called Luz at first. The fabled city of Luz is said to be the manufacturing center of the blue dye called tekhelet. Tekhelet is used for the single blue thread of the tzitzit tassel that God commanded be worn by Israelites. It is said to be the color that inspired the Star of David on the modern Israeli flag. Since tekhelet is most likely made from the ink of the reef dwelling cuttle fish, Luz should be located near the Red Sea. However, there has never been any archaeological trace of Luz and many scholars think it is a mythical city. To be associated with the manufacturing of tekhelet means that this is a purified place and must be very holy. It is written that Jacob renamed the city Beit El or House of God so its holiness and purity is well established.

Baetylus, "sacred stone", is also a word that linguists admit has a semitic origin and is derived from Beit El, the pillow of Jacob's dream. Baetyli worship was widespread in Phoenician colonies even after 200 AD.  In Greece, these fossils were known as Ophites (snake people) and were thought to provide protection from snakebite and cure impotence and infertility. The Oracle of Delphi, on Mount Parnassus, was the most important oracle in the classical Greek world . It became a major site for the worship of Apollo after he slew Python, a dragon who lived there and protected the navel of the earth. A baetylus was venerated here and periodically adorned with woolen fibers. It has been speculated that this was a meteorite but surely must be an ammonite fossil.  Every four years, starting in 586 BC athletes from all over the Greek world competed in Pythian Games which were a precursor of the modern Olympics. One event, called discus throw, was slinging an ammonite fossil as far as possible as if to rebuke the outmoded religion of the snake.

Ammonites were named for the Egyptian god Amun. The ram was the sacred animal of Amun whose curved horns were said to resemble the ammonite. Alexander the Great minted coins depicting himself with Horns of Amun after he conquered the Sinai (Egypt) and was known as Dhulkarnein (duel horns) by Arabic speakers. Moses returned from his encounter with YHWH  on Mount Khoreb "horned". Akkrabim and Khoreb  may be describing the same fossil which does have the appearance of a scorpion. It appears the matrilineal snake symbol became the patrilineal horn symbol through the mystery of the ammonite fossil.

Friday, August 2, 2013


Genesis 42:3 Joseph's brothers went down to get grain rations in Egypt. The Hebrew word for "grain rations" (bar) is describing feed for livestock. Barley is cultivated today for the same purpose and also as malt in fermentation of whiskey and beer. The ancient Egyptians called barley "shema" and may have been the first to use it for fermented gruel (beer). The earliest evidence of barley grass comes from the epipaleolithic southern end of the Sea of Galilee.Wild barley is a self-pollinating diploid and is said to be the ancestor of the domesticated variety. The spikelet is the male inflorescence expressed in way that use pigs as the method of pollination. Swine break up the soil - much like the farmer's plough. Human intervention in the domestication of barley by usurping the role as pollinators, seems likely. Hunter-gatherers are known to have artificially created meadows (cereal grain) to attract game species. Barley could have been the transitional fodder for foraging in a drying wetland.

Disturbed soil seems to be the original meaning at the root of bar. Bor is the Hebrew word for pit and beir means well. Burrow is the underground abode of small animals and the act of digging into the ground. Burrowing animals create disturbed soil much like a plough. A boar burrows into the ground looking for food but is also creating the ideal environment for barley cultivars. A Hebrew word for field is bar but would be better described as ploughed field. This ploughed field must be the original homestead of the clan because bar can also mean first born son and principality. Old English barrow is the burrowed pit grave of a king or chieftain.

Shema is clearly cognate to many words with the sense of sameness. The barley grains are all the same size and shape lined up in a row (self-replicating). Shamayim (heaven) contains the word for water (mayim) so the meaning would be; water replication. Moisture is a necessity to farmers but too much water could also be disasterous. Heaven is where the right amount of water was replicated. The amount of water was dependent upon the correct relationship the people had with their god. The Shemites also believed their behavior toward one another influenced the amount of water replication they deserved. A priestly class administered the ritualized behavior meant to gain favor in exchange for moisture. Shema also means to hear or to name or to call out when the sound is the same as the object. Assigning a sound to represent a particular object was an unparalleled human advancement. Perhaps prayer was the catalyst for the development of grammar when calling out to God correctly was directly related to the amount of fattened corns. The fattened ears are a testament to correctly calling out.

Domestication was the result of the intervention into reproductive cycles of plants and animals by Mesolithic people. One technique still used today is called detasseling. The reproductive cycle of cereal plants is interrupted by removing the male inflorescence. The plant can then be pollinated by the tassels of another plant with desired attributes. The resultant plant would be a hardier hybrid with characteristics of both parent plants. The manipulation of male inflorescence put the power of god into the hands of men. Detasseling was a skill understood by abel husbanders with large gardens, numerous flocks and many sons. The patriarch Isaac passed his blessing onto his son Jacob; "Behold, thy farm shall be the fattening (shaman) of the earth and of the heavenly (shamayim) dew (tal)". The farmer lords manipulated the spike tassels to become princely pollinators doing the work of God. A bloom of inflorescence on the face of a farmer would have been a good indication of his ability to pollinate. Male hair patterns are induced by testosterone, the sole function of beard and body hair is to state ability to self-replicate. The farmers were also adept at animal husbandry. Their breeding (beard) skills were passed down from father to son.

Psalm 133; "Blessed is God who poureth out his grace upon his priests, like unto the precious ointment on the head, which runneth down upon the beard, even the beard or Aaron, which runneth down upon the tassels of his garment." The heavenly dew of water replication (shemen) was meant to homeopathically fatten the barley through the Levite priesthood, God's representatives on earth. Aaron's beard, as well as his tassels, were bedewed in a ritual performed on all Levite men to replicate God's covenant with Adam. The priests were then scattered throughout the other tribes to impart the pollinating blessing of YHWH onto all the Israelite tribes. The precious ointment was probably made from an olive oil base mixed with either musk from a ruminate or ambergris. It was most likely a blue color that was absorbed into the beard and remained noticeable long after. The ritual talit garment is still worn by Jews today with tassels containing a blue thread to symbolize this covenant ceremony.  These tassels are called tzitzit and seem to represent male inflorescence and adsorption of heavenly dew.  Tzitzit is surely the origin of testes and other testosterone laden words. It also may be the the true root of testify; men were commanded to place their hand under their thigh to make an oath. Tzitzit also means "to bloom" and "to mature".

Male inflorescence can be expressed as a mathematical tessellation. The bloom of the perfectly self-replicated pattern can be found in temples and mosques in the form of mosaics. Examples of tessellated mosaics have been found that are 5,500 years old. Mosques retain the original intention of the tessellation using cut glass or polished stone. The individual squares were usually equal in size and created a "bloom" from a central point. Even though these mosaics are quite beautiful, it would be hard to justify the labor intensive "decoration" without another, more esoteric purpose. One theory is the tiles are representative of heavenly dew (tal) and therefore, male inflorescence, celebrating the creative powers of God as Lord or pollinator. It may well be that mosaic and musk are from the same root word that expresses the idea of male testosterone or testicles. Pollen and testosterone also involve the sense of smell.  Plant Inflorescence is accompanied by a pleasing fragrance. Musk sacks of some ruminates contain glandular secretions that are used as the base ingredient of perfume. Musk sacks of goats are located on the hind legs.Words that are related to mosaic and musk may describe other masculine traits such as muscle and machismo. Mosque is thoroughly masculine.

The Egyptian Pharaoh was always depicted with a blue beard as a visual sign of his ability to pollinate. He was chosen by God as the intermediary on earth as proven by the blue beard. It was the responsibility of the King or tribal chieftain to maintain a good relationship with God so that the crops, young animals and children all fatten. Of course, the contribution of the Y chromosome was not thoroughly understood but its existence was worshiped with gratitude. There is much linguistic evidence that the ancients thought the pollination process occurred through adsorption from the hair of the King. This conclusion is understandable from a settled farming and beekeeping community. The hair of the King's legs as he walks the fields as Head Husbander, Lord or Ba'al have special replication abilities. Hair of the feet is still a euphemism for pubic hair. But the Hebrew word for feet (regal) is really about walking or "legging it". The King must regal among his fields for his special pollinating ability to be effective. It is said that a man can be Lord of only that land he can walk in a day.

As the regal King acquired more land his requirement to walk was impractical. The functionality of the ritual tassels appears to have been transferred to the mane of his chariot horses and then to the tassels of the solar flares carried by the divine chariot. King Solomon was a superior husbander with stables of horses and many chariots so everyone assumed he was loved by God. Although it has not been definitively proven, King Solomon may have had a temple built to house the Ark of the Covenant (Aaron Regal Elohim) known as the footstool of God. The Jerusalem temple provided the King with the opportunity to display his husbander skills to show he was qualified to be king. All varieties of fruit, nuts, grains and tubers were grown in the King's garden which were a direct result of his good relationship with God. Luckily, there was a spring and the King's well (beir) was dug to assist with the bloom. This would be the exact spot many Israelite kings would come to make sacrifice and be blessed by the priests.

Sunday, May 12, 2013

The Black Madonna

The Black Madonna of Czestochowa is the oldest surviving Marian icon depicting the Virgin Mary with black skin. The origin of this icon is unknown but is at least 600 years old. There are about 500 black Madonna icons in Europe concentrated mostly in France. Many theories concerning the origin of the black Madonnas have been presented but she remains a mystery. Beginning in the 1950's, scholars determined that her resilience as an icon held particular significance for medieval worshipers. The significance of her beautiful black countenance, as this post will show, is a visual testament to her virginity.

In religion and mythology serpents represent cyclical life on earth. As snakes shed their skin through sloughing, they symbolize seasonal change.  The earth renews its skin each year by shedding old vegetation and then sprouting anew. The ouroboros continually renews its own life by devouring its tail. Each growing season uses the decomposing organic material from the previous season to fuel the next cycle of growth. Serpents are symbols of rebirth, transformation, immortality, and healing. They also are fierce guardians of temples and other sacred spaces. 

The sacred space of the womb has been guarded by serpents throughout antiquity. The Hydra guards the entrance to the underworld as does the Python. Seraphim were stationed at the entrance to the Garden Of Eden to guard the way of the Tree of Life. The coiled energy of the serpent is indicative of the labidinous shakti of the Kundalini snake. In eastern religions, the Great Mother was the serpent Kali with sharp fangs to protect the entrance to her sacred space and devour the previous season's growth. The black countenance of Kali is said to result from her genesis before there was light.

The protective serpent that dwells in each female is the inspiration for the myth of the vagina dentata (vaginal teeth). This legend is a cautionary tale that guards against rape. Its diffusion follows the most ancient Asian migrations; into the Americas and also Europe. The protective fangs of the serpent is reinforced in Ainu culture by the blackening of the teeth. When a girl reaches puberty, her teeth are ceremoniously blackened to announce her rising Shakti. Her black teeth are a visual sign that she is protected by the fierce serpent she carries at the entrance to her womb.

Notice single tooth
 The European Sheela na gig serves an apotropaic function for entrances to sacred spaces. She warned a largely illiterate populace that lustful acts have consequences. Her exposed genitalia is informing the viewer that the sacred space one is about to enter is guarded by the fangs of the serpent. The lifting of the skirt became a folkloric expression of the Sheela na gig in Medieval Europe. 

To discover the origin of the black serpents' tooth one must return to the first known depiction of the serpent Nagas at Catalhoyuk. Here the black goddess is a crone of advanced age. She sits at the fork of two volcanic mountains where the earth extrudes lava (nagas). Aged lava is obsidian and can be flaked to achieve a razor sharp edge. Obsidian is the serpents tooth that protects the sacred space of the underworld. It is also the devourer of antiquity, used to dress game, open bones to expose marrow and to kill other humans in warfare. Obsidian is the technology that transformed the ancient world. It is the Sanskrit Nagas snake extruded from the earth's core. Nagas is cognate to "gnaw" - biting but not eating. Biting away at a nugget of obsidian releases the sharp tooth of the serpent from the lava. "Gnathic" relates to the jaw but is not describing eating or chewing. "Gnat" is an insect that seems to exist for the sole purpose of biting. "Gnash" and "gash" as in the gnashing of teeth may have originally described the process of knapping obsidian. 

Obsidian is a mineraloid formed by the rapid cooling of extruded igneous rock. The IE root of igneous means fire and is cognate to other fire words. Noagah is a South Semetic word with the definition of shine and brightness of morning and could be a derivitive of the original phoneme. The morning sun is the glory of day but the star Venus ignites the sun. Venus is also the igniter of passions and has been called the fallen angel by later Christians. Noagah is used in the Talmud for the planet Venus, the igniter. 

For Kath.